Emma S. Norman, PhD* - Michigan Technological University
This paper analyzes the tensions associated with governing environmental resources, such as water, that transcend "fixed" territorial scales. In this, paper I explore new locations of environmental governance that challenge, or subvert, state-centered governance models. First, I look at the increased development of "citizen scientists" who are using global networks to participate in, and inform scientific data acquisition. This is important, particularly, as fragmented datasets are often seen as major barriers for interjurisdictional cooperation. Second, I look at the construction of governance models that are based on strong regional identities, which transcend State boundaries (for example, in North America, the Salish Sea of the coastal Pacific, the Yukon River spanning Alaska and the Yukon Territory, and the Freshwater Nation of the Great Lakes region). In these cases, I explore how the individual interplays with the global as a citizen scientist, and how regional identities and associated discursive techniques blur the transnational. This work contributes to ongoing discussions related to scalar politics and environmental governance. It also contributes to discussions in geography that disentangle the citizen from the State. Looking at the edges of State jurisdictions - the borderlands – usefully informs these discussions.